عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
The object of this study is examining the relationship between academic optimism culture and enabling school structure of Tehran elementary schools’ teachers. The sample of this research is 250 teachers of elementary schools that selected multi-level randomly and use academic optimism and enabling bureaucracy of Hoy and colleagues as a data analysis. The Result indicated that teachers academic optimism culture have statistically significant and lower than average but trust in parent and students have not statistically significant and lower than average. academic optimism culture of women teachers is higher than men. Teachers with higher education have higher academic optimism than lower education. Also teachers academic optimism have direct relationship with enabling bureaucracy.trust in students and parents have highest relationship with enabling structure. At the end creating COP (community of practice) for reinforce the collective efficacy of teachers, development of teachers and involvement of parents in schools activity for creating trust between parents, students and teachers are recommended.